Toyota Highlander

Toyota Highlander

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The Toyota Highlander/Kluger is a midsize crossover SUV produced by Toyota. It is built on the platform of the Toyota Camry.

Announced in April 2000 at the New York Auto Show and arriving in late 2000 in Japan and January, 2001, in North America, the Highlander became the first car-based midsize SUV or midsize crossover. The Highlander is the crossover counterpart to the more rugged, truck-based midsize 4Runner and became Toyota’s best-selling SUV before being surpassed by the smaller RAV4 in 2006.

Unable to use the Highlander name in Japan and Australia because of a trademarked Hyundai Terracan trim line, Toyota calls the vehicle the Toyota Kluger (Toyota Kuruga) (pronounced Klu-ger) there, the name derived from the German word klüger, which means clever or wise.

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Source: Toyota manual org
Toyota Highlander

Toyota FJ Cruiser

Toyota FJ Cruiser

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The Toyota FJ Cruiser is a retro style SUV with styling and off road performance reminiscent of the original Toyota FJ40 Land Cruisers.[1] Introduced as a concept car at the January 2003 North American International Auto Show, the FJ Cruiser was approved for production after positive consumer response and debuted at the January 2005 North American International Auto Show in final production form. The FJ cruiser is built by Toyota subsidiary Hino Motors in Hamura, Japan since 2006 and shares many structural underpinnings from the Toyota Land Cruiser Prado.

By the time the production of the original FJ40 ended in 1984 Toyota had shifted towards increasing the size and luxury of the Land Cruiser line. The idea of a new FJ with rugged capabilities of the FJ40 originated in the mid 1990s with Toyota Product Planner Dave Danzer and then Vice President of Sales and Operations Yoshi Inaba.

Danzer worked secretly with Akio Toyoda to set up a special shop at the NUMMI plant to test the feasibility of a new FJ40 by combining Tacoma underpinnings with the bodies of Toyota Bandeirante, an FJ40 based vehicle still in production in Brazil (as a diesel model only) at the time. Akio Toyoda returned to Japan to join the board of directors giving high level support to the project. Toyota’s flagship design studio Calty was then brought on to deliver a fresh interpretation of the FJ40.

In the summer of 2004, Toyota began extensive off road evaluations of the FJ platform by driving development mules on many of the most difficult trails in North America including Moab, Utah, the Angeles National Forest, the Mohave Desert, and the famed Rubicon Trail. Despite each one off mule costing hundreds of thousands of dollars, the development team was determined to push the capabilities of the prototypes in order to deliver reliable off road performance in the production model. Changes to the A-TRAC traction control system and suspension tuning came as a direct result of the prototype testing.

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Source: Toyota manual org
Toyota FJ Cruiser

Toyota Yaris

Toyota Yaris

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The Toyota Yaris is a subcompact car produced by Toyota since 1999, replacing the Starlet. Between 1999 and 2005, some markets received the same vehicles under the Toyota Echo name. Toyota has used the “Yaris” and “Echo” names on the export version of several different Japanese-market models.

First generation models were marketed between 1999 and 2005 under the “Yaris” and “Echo” names depending on the market. Hatchback, coupe, and sedan body variants were offered.

Hatchback: versions derive from the Japanese-market Toyota Vitz.

Coupe and sedan: versions derive from the Japanese-market Toyota Platz.

With its exterior styling elements and dedicated interior finishes, textures and colors, the Toyota Yaris is aimed at younger customers for who make fashionable design a priority.

As well as having distinctive looks, Toyota Yaris Trend retains the fundamental qualities that set it apart from the supermini pack. It may be the most compact car in its class, but clever Toyota packaging means there is class-leading space inside. It also has the tightest turning circle – 4.7 metres – making it a master of maneuvering in tight city streets and parking spaces.

At the time of its launch in 2011, Yaris also had the distinction of being the first car in its segment to offer customers an advanced, but affordable multimedia system – Toyota Touch and, with satellite navigation, Toyota Touch & Go.

Toyota Yaris Trend has been styled to amplify the most dynamic elements of the Yaris range, reinforcing the vehicle’s distinctive character by emphasising the horizontal lines and strengthening the link between the interior and exterior design.

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Source: Toyota manual org
Toyota Yaris

Toyota Echo

Toyota Echo

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The Toyota Echo is a subcompact car produced by Toyota since 1999, replacing the Starlet. Between 1999 and 2005, some markets received the same vehicles under the Toyota Echo name. Toyota has used the “Yaris” and “Echo” names on the export version of several different Japanese-market models.

  • 1,497 cc 1.5 liters in-line 4 front engine with 75 mm bore, 84.7 mm stroke, 10.5 compression ratio, double overhead cam, variable valve timing/camshaft and four valves per cylinder 1NZ-FE
  • Unleaded fuel 87
  • Fuel Economy EPA highway (mpg): 39 and EPA city (mpg): 33
  • Multi-point injection fuel system
  • 11.9 gallon main unleaded fuel tank
  • Power: 80 kW , 108 HP SAE @ 6,000 rpm; 105 ft lb , 143 Nm @ 4,200 rpm
The Echo is Toyota’s entry level automobile, replacing the extremely successful Tercel, which was last produced as a 1998 model. With such immense footsteps to follow in, the Echo has been portrayed as a roomier, more powerful and better equipped small car than its predecessor, offering ample headroom both in the front and back seats, and a larger engine. More specifically, a 1.5 liter low emission vehicle (LEV), 4-cylinder DOHC 16-valve engine powers the Echo.The Echo is available with several more “upscale” options, depending on the model selected. These include air conditioning, AM/FM CD sound system, power door locks, intermittent windshield wipers, adjustable shoulder belt anchors, security system/keyless entry, front and rear splashguards, and bodyside molding. Furthermore, all models include an overdrive, which, when engaged, allows for a more comfortable highway experience than would be expected from the typical small car. When disengaged for city driving, the Echo is noticeably peppy starting out when the traffic light turns green.


Source: Toyota manual org
Toyota Echo

Toyota Crown

Toyota Crown

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The Toyota Crown is a line of mid-size luxury sedans by Toyota. The range was primarily available in Japan and some other Asian countries. Throughout the Crown’s production, there has always been available a minimal-content Crown in the sedan bodystyle platform used as a taxi, and in the mid-1990s, Toyota created an offshoot of the Crown sedan to serve specifically as a taxi, called the Toyota Comfort. The Crown also serves as a police car nationally, as well as transporting government officials at all levels.

In Japan, it is only available at Toyota Store dealership retail channels. The Crown is Toyota’s oldest sedan still in production. It is outranked only by the Century and the Majesta in social status. The Crown is used by many Japanese companies as the company limousine. In many markets the Crown had become very expensive and was replaced by the Cressida in some international markets when it became available for export in the early 1980s. Most models are distinguishable by a unique “Crown” badge on the front grille, in place of the normal stylized ‘T’, but the normal Toyota badge is usually used on the rear.

It was sold in the United States during the late 1950s and up until 1971. Exports to Europe began in 1964 with the first cars going to Finland. Other European countries which saw imports of the Crown included the Netherlands and Belgium. The United Kingdom was another market until the early 1980s. It was also exported to Canada for a few years—1965–68. Australia was another important export market for the Crown—to the extent that it was manufactured there from the mid-1960s until the late 1980s using many local components. Trinidad and Tobago was also another country where the Toyota market had a successful run, which saw some productions between 1960 and 1980.

The Crown was introduced in 1955, and Toyota subsequently used the “Crown” name as inspiration for their primary sedans, the Corolla which is Latin for “small crown”, the Camry a phonetic transcription of the Japanese word kanmuri that means crown, and the Corona which is Spanish for crown.

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Source: Toyota manual org
Toyota Crown

Toyota Cressida

Toyota Cressida

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The Toyota Cressida was a mid-size sedan marketed by Toyota from December 1976 to February 1993 through four generations. It was the flagship sedan of Toyota in the United States. The same chassis with slightly different bodies was available in other countries as the Toyota Mark II, Toyota Chaser and Toyota Cresta. The Cressida name was retired in 1992 (1993 in Australia), but the chassis and Mark II, Chaser, and Cresta names continued production in Japan until the early 2000s. In total, Toyota sold 353,053 Cressidas in the United States.

The Cressida was available worldwide in a variety of body styles and engines — including the 6-cylinder G-series, M-series, and the 4-cylinder R-series gasoline engines, as well as the 4-cylinder L series diesel.

The name “Cressida” derives from the lead character in William Shakespeare’s play Troilus and Cressida. All Cressidas were manufactured at the Motomachi Plant in Toyota City, Aichi, Japan.

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Source: Toyota manual org
Toyota Cressida

Toyota Corona

Toyota Corona

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The Toyota Corona is an automobile manufactured by the Japanese automaker Toyota between 1957 and 2002. Traditionally, the competitor from Nissan was the Nissan Bluebird. The word Corona is Latin for “crown”, a reference to an earlier vehicle Toyota offered called the Toyota Crown. It was exclusive to Toyopet Store dealership channels in Japan, while the larger Crown was available only at Toyota Store locations.

In many countries, the Corona was one of Toyota’s first international exports, and was shortly joined by the smaller Toyota Corolla, providing buyers with a choice of a larger car, with similar operating expenses to the smaller Corolla. The Corona was Toyota’s second sedan in their hierarchy of products, just below the Crown, until 1968 when the Corona name was used on a larger, all new platform called the Toyota Corona Mark II, which gave buyers more interior space while still offering dependable, affordable performance.

The Corona became successful in export markets and was marketed under a number of different nameplates worldwide—including those branded in much of Asia as Coronas marketed in European markets as Carinas. While the Corona is no longer in production, the Toyota “T” platform used to build it is still being used.

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Source: Toyota manual org
Toyota Corona

Toyota Corolla

Toyota Corolla

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The Toyota Corolla is one of a line of subcompact and compact cars manufactured by the Japanese automaker Toyota, which has become very popular throughout the world since the nameplate was first introduced in 1966. In 1997, the Corolla became the best selling nameplate in the world, surpassing the Volkswagen Beetle. Over 39 million Corollas have been sold as of 2012. The series has undergone several major redesigns.

The name “corolla” is part of Toyota’s naming tradition of using the name Crown for primary models: the Corona, for example, gets its name from the Latin for crown; Corolla is Latin for small crown; and Camry is an Anglicized pronunciation of the Japanese for crown, kanmuri. The Corolla has always been exclusive in Japan to Toyota Corolla Store locations, and manufactured in Japan with a twin, called the Toyota Sprinter, sold at a specific Japanese Toyota dealership called Toyota Auto Store, then renamed Toyota Vista Store in 1980.

Corollas are manufactured in Japan and in Brazil (Indaiatuba, São Paulo), Canada (Cambridge, Ontario), China (Tianjin), India (Bangalore), Indonesia, Malaysia, Pakistan, Philippines, South Africa (Durban), Taiwan, Thailand, Turkey and Venezuela. Production has previously been made in Australia (Victoria) and the United Kingdom (Derbyshire). Production in the United States (at NUMMI in Fremont, California) ended in March 2010.[4]

The Corolla’s chassis designation code is “E”, as described in Toyota’s chassis and engine codes.

Early models were mostly rear-wheel drive, later models were mostly front-wheel drive and some models were four-wheel drive. Its traditional competitor almost from the very beginning has been the Nissan Sunny also introduced the same year as the Corolla in Japan.

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Source: Toyota manual org
Toyota Corolla

Toyota Celica

Toyota Celica

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The Toyota Celica name has been applied to a series of coupes made by the Japanese company Toyota. The name is ultimately derived from the Latin word coelica meaning “heavenly” or “celestial”. In Japan, the Celica was exclusive to Toyota Japanese dealerships Toyota Corolla Store.

Throughout its life span the Celica has been powered by various four-cylinder engines. The most significant change occurred in August 1985, when the car’s drive layout was changed from rear wheel drive to front wheel drive. During the first three generations, American market Celicas were powered by various versions of Toyota’s R series engines. The four-wheel drive turbocharged model (designated All-trac in the United States or GT-Four elsewhere) was produced from 1986 to 1999. Variable Valve Timing came in late 1997 Japanese models, and became standard in all models from 2000 on. Through seven generations, the model has gone through many revisions and design forks, including the Toyota Celica Supra (later known as the Toyota Supra). The Celica was available as notchback and liftback coupes, as well as a convertible.

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Source: Toyota manual org
Toyota Celica

Toyota Carina

Toyota Carina

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The Toyota Carina was a Japanese compact, produced from December 1970 to 2000. It was introduced as a four-door version of the Celica (which shared the same platform),as well as being offered in 2-door and station wagon models. Later, it was realigned to the Corona platform, but retained its performance image, with distinctive bodywork and interior — aimed at the youth market and remaining exclusive to Japanese Toyota dealerships Toyota Store. It was replaced by the Toyota Allion in 2000.

The Carina, like its platform siblings, the Celica, and later the Corona, have represented Toyota internationally for many years. The Carina was an affordable, reliable vehicle that was later modified for the European market to become the Toyota Avensis. The performance image was shared with the smaller Toyota Sprinter.

The inspiration for the name Carina came from the Carina star cluster, sharing a naming inspiration from the Celica, which is ultimately derived from the Latin word coelica meaning “heavenly” or “celestial”.

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Source: Toyota manual org
Toyota Carina